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Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit (1969), Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades. Born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He was president of Glendale High class of 1925. He found work at local film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in small bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walsh's The Big Trail (1930), which led to leading roles in numerous B movies throughout the 1930s, many of them in the Western genre. Wayne's career took off in 1939, with John Ford's Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 pictures. Biographer Ronald Davis said, "John Wayne personified for millions the nation's frontier heritage. Eighty-three of his movies were Westerns, and in them, he played cowboys, cavalrymen, and unconquerable loners extracted from the Republic's central creation myth." Wayne's other well-known Western roles include a cattleman driving his herd north on the Chisholm Trail in Red River (1948), a Civil War veteran whose young niece is abducted by a tribe of Comanches in The Searchers (1956), and a troubled rancher competing with a lawyer for a woman's hand in marriage in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962). He is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man (1952), Rio Bravo (1959), and The Longest Day (1962). In his final screen performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist (1976). He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, and his last public appearance was at the Academy Awards ceremony on April 9, 1979.
May 26, 1907, Winterset, Iowa, USA
June 11, 1979
1939 StagecoachThe Ringo Kid 1948 Fort ApacheCapt. Kirby York 1948 Red RiverThomas Dunson 1949 She Wore a Yellow RibbonCapt. Nathan Cutting Brittles 1950 Rio GrandeLt. Col. Kirby Yorke 1952 The Quiet ManSean Thornton 1956 The SearchersEthan Edwards 1959 Rio BravoJohn Chance 1962 How the West Was WonWilliam Sherman 1962 The Longest DayCol. Benjamin Vandervoort 1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty ValanceTom Doniphon 1963 McLintock!George Washington McLintock 1967 El DoradoCole Thornton 1969 True GritReuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn 1976 The ShootistJohn Bernard BooksLimited to the 15 most popular items