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Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was an English director and producer. He pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. After a successful career in his native United Kingdom in both silent films and early talkies, Hitchcock moved to Hollywood. In 1956 he became an American citizen while remaining a British subject. Over a career spanning more than half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a distinctive and recognizable directorial style. He pioneered the use of a camera made to move in a way that mimics a person's gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. He framed shots to maximize anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative film editing. His stories frequently feature fugitives on the run from the law alongside “icy blonde” female characters. Many of Hitchcock's films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of violence, murder, and crime, although many of the mysteries function as decoys or MacGuffins meant only to serve thematic elements in the film and the extremely complex psychological examinations of the characters. Hitchcock's films also borrow many themes from psychoanalysis and feature strong sexual undertones. Through his cameo appearances in his own films, interviews, film trailers, and the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents, he became a cultural icon. Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films in a career spanning six decades. Often regarded as the greatest British filmmaker, he came first in a 2007 poll of film critics in Britain's Daily Telegraph, which said: “Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema, which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from us) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else.” The magazine MovieMaker has described him as the most influential filmmaker of all-time, and he is widely regarded as one of cinema's most significant artists.
August 13, 1899, Leytonstone, London, England, UK
April 29, 1980
1935 The 39 StepsDirector and Man Walking Past Bus (uncredited) 1940 RebeccaDirector and Man Outside Phone Booth (uncredited) 1943 Shadow of a DoubtDirector and Man on Train Playing Cards (uncredited) 1946 NotoriousScreenplay, Producer, Director, and Man Drinking Champagne at Party 1948 RopeDirector and Producer 1951 Strangers on a TrainDirector, Producer, and Man Boarding Train (uncredited) 1954 Dial M for MurderDirector and Producer 1954 Rear WindowProducer, Director, and Clock-Winder in Songwriter's Apartment 1955 To Catch a ThiefProducer, Director, and Man Sitting Next to John Robie on Bus 1956 The Man Who Knew Too MuchDirector, Producer, and Man in Morocco Marketplace (uncredited) 1958 VertigoDirector and Producer 1959 North by NorthwestProducer, Director, and Man Who Misses Bus 1960 PsychoDirector, Producer, and Man outside Office 1963 The BirdsProducer and Director 1972 FrenzyDirector and ProducerLimited to the 15 most popular items